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Funding for this project generously provided by Overdeck Family Foundation

around 332 to 31 BCE

Egyptian Mathematical Problem Papyrus

Arithmetical problems on papyrus

Parts of several columns of this Ptolemaic Egyptian papyrus are concerned with arithmetical problems. Problems include the reciprocal of 1 + 1/n.

Egyptian Mathematical Problem Papyrus

Artifact dimensions

36.5 cm (original height, plus additional fragments and a third column)

Artifact origin


Current artifact location

British Museum, London

Catalog number



Arithmetic timeline Rhind Papyrus Egyptian Mathematical Problem Papyrus Salamis Tablet Bakhshali Manuscript Pacioli's Summa Incan Yupana Napier's Rabdologiæ

Additional Reading

  • Friberg, J. Unexpected Links between Egyptian and Babylonian Mathematics. Singapore: World Scientific, pp. 137–143 and 272, 2005.
  • Imhausen, A. "Papyrus BM 10399." § 17.1.2 in Mathematics in Ancient Egypt: A Contextual History. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, p. 184, 2016.
  • Parker, R. A. Demotic Mathematical Papyri. Providence, RI: Brown University Press, 1972.